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Our approach to teaching Maths at Darton Primary School is through a clear structure of fluency and varied fluency, followed by applying these skills to solve a range of problems, adapted from the White Rose Maths Small Steps Guidance. Each class follows the yearly overview for the year group or groups they teach.


There is a focus of developing reasoning skills, such as working systematically, spotting patterns and working backwards, 

so that children can confidently tackle problems and find solutions quickly and effectively. We also encourage children to look at problems more in-depth and explore alternative solutions and methods that could be used. Alongside this, we promote the use of dialogue and written explanations so that children can articulate their thinking and show their understanding of key mathematical vocabulary.


There is also a focus on mental maths across school. At the start of every maths lesson, children will be taught or practise a mental strategy linked to one of the key objectives from the overview below. 

Early Years Foundation Stage

In Early Years we focus on preparing children for their mastery journey through six key themes: cardinality, composition, comparison, measures, pattern and shape and space.


Cardinality relates to the children understanding one-to-one correspondence and grasping the amount that a number represents, including counting a selection of objects and understanding that the final number they say is the amount represented.


Composition relates to how numbers can be made, e.g. 5 can be made as 5 + 0, 4 + 1 or 3 + 2.


Comparison includes using key vocabulary such as most, least, more, less, fewer, same, double and half to compare two groups of objects or numbers.


Measures includes comparing the weight, length and size of objects and using different units of measurement.


Pattern includes noticing, making, copying, fixing and extending patterns.


Shape and space includes naming and recognising key shapes, understanding what happens when shapes move and combining shapes.